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Artificial Intelligence (AI)

(Topic created on: 25/10/18 21:00)
JAMES4578
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Thought I would start this thread on AI,  there is an upcoming Microsoft Event Future Decoded which will explore some of the fields and interesting questions arsing -31 October to 1 November which will be streamed live if interested  in any of it  More details here https://www.futuredecoded.com/content/live  Information from the 2017 event also available https://news.microsoft.com/en-gb/2017/10/31/future-decoded-2017, also short video Decoded 2017 Highlights

 

I'll also include work Samsung has been doing in this area  with some details from the AI forum in September https://news.samsung.com/global/samsung-ai-forum-offers-a-roadmap-for-the-future-of-ai   https://research.samsung.com/artificial-intelligence

 

With regard to the latest recent  developments would say areas that have most caught my attention are Virtual Agents,   Automated Hardware, Optimised  Hardware, Biometrics (which can creat emore natural interactions between touch, speech  and body reactions)  Robotic processes,  Digital Twin Modelling, Cyber Defences, Empowering Workers (despite risks in some area of undoubted benefit in medical and legal circles). Undoubtably potential benefits which will assist us all in daily life.  some more detail https://blog.adext.com/en/artificial-intelligence-technologies-2018 Much scope with  Content Creation (for instance one tool Wibbitz can quickly create content from written documentation).   Emotion Recognition is certainly an interesting concept  which can have application in the entertainment and business arenas. We are all familiar with voice recognition but continually advancing.   Detail of 14 applications, some will be more familiar than others.  https://blog.adext.com/en/applications-of-artificial-intelligence

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JAMES4578
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JAMES4578
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A few articles on the ethics plus benefits /dark sides in some deep learning:

 

AI Techniques/Deep Learning 

 

 

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JAMES4578
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JAMES4578
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A bit of information here on Personal Digital Assistants using AI , some we will be familar with, others possibly less so.   Some more geared to business but certanly some interesting ones such as Viv, Mycroft and  Braina.  

 

Samsung  purchased Viv Labs in 2016 https://news.samsung.com/global/samsung-to-acquire-viv-the-next-generation-artificial-intelligence-p... 

 

https://www.predictiveanalyticstoday.com/top-intelligent-personal-assistants-automated-personal-assi... 

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JAMES4578
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Nvidia teaches AI to create new version of Pac via Gameplay.

 

https://thenextweb.com/neural/2020/05/22/nvidia-teaches-ai-to-create-new-version-of-pac-man-just-by-... 

 

 

JAMES4578
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A few interesting articles from Wired:

 

https://www.wired.com 

JAMES4578
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Microsoft will now be using AI to generate some stories on the MSN and Edge Browser ,  however one of the downsides in AI will result in 27 journalists facing redundancy  (not thought to be specifically linked to Covid-19).  The company will be ending the contract with PA Media.  Though  do not think MSN is the same force these days.

 

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/may/30/microsoft-sacks-journalists-to-replace-them-with-... 

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JAMES4578
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Very positives examples of AI here, ranging from  improving life for the disabled,combating climate change via technology,combating world hunger by increasing food production with advanced tools,identifying Human Rights violations, detecting illness earlier  and dealing with Fake News.

 

https://www.forbes.com/sites/bernardmarr/2020/02/10/8-powerful-examples-of-ai-for-good 

JAMES4578
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Good aticle below  on everyday uses of AI and machine learning, one simple example of this is the Smart Reply to emails  which will be a bit advanced in the future, aiding productivity, some personalised  learning will be easier to facilitate with the technology.  Financial Transactions and Minimising Fraud using AI being  very much a feature and will be an area of expansion.   Some advanced examples here (many will be familar with Iron Man :smiling-face:https://www.instructables.com/id/Build-Your-Own-AI-Artificial-Intelligence-Assistant Filters using the technology utilised on Social Media  and Smart Digital Asistants have been very much to the fore for a while, though much scope for enhancements. 

 

https://emerj.com/ai-sector-overviews/everyday-examples-of-ai 

 

 

JAMES4578
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Amazon has put a one year ban on U.S police using its facial recognition software Rekognition, though as of last summer only two departments were using it and called for greater regulation.  Though  the  international Center for Missing and Exploited Children, as well as technology companies Thorn and Marinus Analytics, will still have access to it in connection with child trafficking. There have been concerns over racial bias and of course this decision comes in the aftermath of the "Black Lives Matters" protests, following the death of George Floyd at the hands of the police.

 

However Clearview AI is the much more widely used system , though their Ceo says:   "While Amazon, Google, and IBM have decided to exit the marketplace, Clearview AI believes in the mission of responsibly used facial recognition to protect children, victims of financial fraud and other crimes that afflict our communities,” he said. Ton-That says Clearview’s technology “actually works,” but that facial recognition is “not intended to be used as a surveillance tool relating to protests or under any other circumstances.”    https://www.theverge.com/2020/6/10/21287101/amazon-rekognition-facial-recognition-police-ban-one-yea... 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/jun/10/amazon-rekognition-software-police-black-lives-ma... 

 

JAMES4578
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Microsoft AI news bot has featured stories  selected by the robot , about how the robot is making some unfortunate errors, somewhat ironic  :smiling-face:   

 

https://mashable.com/article/microsoft-news-ai-publishes-stories-about-racist-error 

 

A few interesting articles on the Microsoft AI blog including  Super Computer, tools for Office,Using Machine Learning to stop Data Leaks, Covid-19 Analysis and using AI to filter out background noise on Microsoft Teams .   blogs.microsoft.com/ai/ 

JAMES4578
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Cockroach inspired Robot that  can that can  run, jump, carry heavy payloads and turn on a dime.   A mighty penny it can perform all the tasks of its larger  predecessor (twice the size)   https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/itsy-bitsy robot 

 

World's First 3d Artificial Eye  https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/3D Eye 

 

Engineers have found a method to train deep neural networks using minimal energy.  Called Early Bird it is a  form of artificial intelligence  (DNN's)   which are behind self-driving cars, intelligent assistants, facial recognition and  several  high-tech applications.

 

Early Bird-Greener Training Method 

SaudA
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Amazing stuff, @JAMES4578. I can't wait to see what we will have in 5-10 years time, especially in the medical field. Important to remind people of the benefits, as unfortunately we see a lot of outlandish conspiracy theories regarding adaptation of new technology.

Here's some more details if any are interested: https://www.news-medical.net/news/20200610/Unique-partnership-aims-to-accelerate-the-adoption-of-AI-...

JAMES4578
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@SaudA wrote:
Amazing stuff, @JAMES4578. I can't wait to see what we will have in 5-10 years time, especially in the medical field. Important to remind people of the benefits, as unfortunately we see a lot of outlandish conspiracy theories regarding adaptation of new technology.

Here's some more details if any are interested: https://www.news-medical.net/news/20200610/Unique-partnership-aims-to-accelerate-the-adoption-of-AI-...

@SaudA Yes some of the technology is breathtaking and will ehhance our lives ,certainly developments in the medical field should be far reaching.  Certainly many benfits as well as some drawbacks.  of course in some fields the ethics  are not straigtforward.

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Bit of a buzz on the Internet about GPT-3 which is the latest and most powerfull Open AI language model, however whilst could be a very beneficial  development some fanatics have hyped it up a bit too much.

 

The language with the right input can be creative and generate functioning code, basically it is a sphisticated text predictor  and when user inputs text the model will generate the next body of text based on linguistic patterns .  However  it does not really understand the input/output and lacks the ability to reason.

 

See more here forbes.com/sites/robtoews/2020/07/19/gpt-3-is-amazing and-overhyped 

 

 

 

minimaxir.com/2020/07/gpt3-expectations/ 

 

 

See information on Open AI  openai.com/ 

 

 

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A new AI  algorithm    developed this year by reseachers in Korea  can assist Doctors in diagnosing skin conditions .

 

"For specific problems, such as distinguishing between melanoma and nevi, AI has shown results comparable to those of human dermatologists".

 

healtheuropa.eu/new-ai-tool-helps-medical-professionals-with-diagnosing-skin-conditions 

CarloL
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This is very interesting and it does sound like a medical breakthrough. I see the future of phones with lots of specialised apps that can help us identify medical conditions straight away with scanners and guide us on what to do next. It would save lives and make the work of our doctors and of the health system overall much easier. 

JAMES4578
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@CarloL  It certainly is interesting to see where all the AI tools will take us,   in the field of medicine  this development sounds very positive. Some may have a sceptism of the technology  but I see it as making medical practioners more efficient, we will always need their expertise. 

 

The more information we have the better  and  specialised apps would enable  us to manage our health more effectively.

JAMES4578
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This one from a little while ago  but certainly could be an innovation ,  a wearable device that enables the user to silently give voice  commands.  With this prototype information could be relayed to a variety of smart devices throughout the home , phrases could be translated into different languages and you would be to do complex calculations in your head with the AI.   However an amazing application of the "Alterego" would be help people with neurodegenerative diseases.  Information could possibly be recorded and accessed at a later date and memory ***** would also be created with this system.    Video with Arnav Kapur is also on Youtube.

 

https://www.digitaltrends.com/cool-tech/mit-alterego-technology-arnav-kapur/ 

 

 

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US Researchers  have made a major breakthrough in machine learning by  using light instead of electricity to perform calculations.  The team discovered that  their photon-based TPU (tensor processing unit)  was able to perform 2-3 times the magnitude an electric TPU.https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/ai-machine-learning-light-speed-artif... 

 

A bit from Applied Physics Reviews here: 

Machine Learning By Light